O.10 Embedded Systems

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An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints. It includes a microprocessor, memory, and peripherals either packaged as an SOC or as separate components within the device. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. It typically has more robust user interaction than a microcontroller. The embedded system's function typically changes very little, if at all, over the lifecycle of an instance of the system. Examples of embedded systems would include a wireless router or military weapons systems.

Specific topics to be covered in this knowledge unit include, but are not limited to:

  • Typical instruction sets and architectures
  • Common operating systems and programming environments for embedded systems
  • How the real-time requirements typical of embedded systems require differences in the OS & applications
  • Cyber considerations and issues related to embedded systems

Outcome: Students are knowledgeable of the concepts, methods, techniques, technologies, requirements, and development tools commonly used in the design and implementation of embedded systems. They will be able to develop or make a substantial modification to a simple embedded system and identify the cyber concerns associated with such an embedded system.